Whether having touring panniers or a bicycle trailer for bicycle touring is best, is an ongoing source of debate among touring cyclists. Which one is best for you?
Bike trailers Vs Panniers
Each option has its benefits and drawbacks, their lovers and haters.
As I have used both set-ups on my long distance cycling expeditions, I thought I would write about my own thoughts and experiences on the subject. You can take it from there!
Touring Panniers vs Bicycle Touring Trailers
Firstly, as with all my bicycle touring tips I should begin by saying that there is no right or wrong answer to this question.
Whether you use one or the other comes down to you and the situation you think you might use them in.
Some people even combine the use of both, and tow a full trailer as well as having a further four panniers attached to their bicycles.
Personally, this would be a little heavy for me, but each to their own!
By the way, you might want to check out this video on panniers or trailers for bicycle touring:
Let's kick off by looking at front and rear panniers.
Bicycle Touring Panniers
The vast majority of people use touring panniers when bicycle touring. They are a tried and tested method of carrying everything a cyclist will need on short trips or long expeditions.
I've personally used panniers on two of my long distance bike tours, which involved cycling from England to South Africa, and Greece to England. I've also used a four panniers setup on perhaps a dozen shorter bike tours of a month or less.
The traditional set-up will see two large panniers on the rear rack, and two smaller ones on the front rack as well as a handlebar bag. Camping gear items such as a tent are then often strapped across the touring bike rear rack. There are even top rack packs available which sit neatly on the rear panniers and buckle into them.
Below, you can see a photo of my fully loaded touring bike with rear and front panniers, a handlebar bag, and rack pack.
Benefits of using bicycle touring panniers
Using panniers for bicycle touring has several benefits, and the foremost of these, is versatility.
A weekend tour might only require that the rear panniers are used, whereas a longer cycling trip might require all four and a rack pack. This means that the number of pannier bags you use on tour will depend on how much gear you want to take.
Trailer owners would need to tow the trailer behind them regardless of if the trip was for a weekend or longer tour, meaning that weight was being added to the bicycle unnecessarily. Most cyclists prefer a light as load as possible!
Best panniers for bicycle touring
Panniers also make keeping things organised and accessible a breeze. One bag might be for food, another for clothes, one for cycling kit and cooking gear, and another for camping stuff etc.
Once a daily routine develops, it becomes second nature knowing which pannier to open when certain gear is needed. This is certainly better than opening the large bag that is towed in the trailer, where everything gets mixed up together, and it can become a real pain finding things.
Bicycle Touring Panniers
Another great thing that I have noticed about using panniers, is that they are a lot easier to carry when it comes to either finding somewhere to camp at night, or booking into a hotel.
When wild camping, it is quite possible to lift the entire bike complete with panniers over a small fence to get into a field to camp. This is a lot quicker than unhooking the trailer from the bike, and lifting both trailer and bike over a fence separately.
The same can be said when checking into a hostel or guesthouse, and having to take the bike up a set of stairs to the room.
It is (just about!) possible to lift a fully loaded bike up a couple of flights of stairs if you are feeling strong. It is always two trips if not three with a trailer, which may seem inconsequential now, but gets irritating really quickly when out on the road!
Drawbacks of Rear Panniers
One of the drawback to using panniers, is that there is a tendency to overload the bags at the bag which puts more strain on the bike's rear wheel.
While you're not likely to end up with bent rims, a fully loaded bike which is overweight at the back will be more susceptible to broken spokes especially when riding off road.
Bicycle Touring With A Bicycle Trailer
Bicycle trailers come in various guises and designs, although the general theory is the same in that the bulk of a load is towed behind the bicycle.
The trailer itself will be designed to contain a large bag, or in the case of one design, panniers on either side of an “extra-wheel”.
The most common, and perhaps the best bicycle trailer for touring is the Bob Yak single wheeled trailer. This is the trailer I used when cycling the length of the Americas from Alaska to Argentina.
Note: There is probably also a debate between whether two wheeled trailers are better than a single wheel trailer, but as I only have experience with single wheel trailers, we'll stick with those!
Cycle Trailers for Touring
One of the much vaunted benefits of using a trailer over panniers, is that it puts a lot less stress on the bicycles rear wheel, reducing the amount of broken spokes and even damage to the rear hub.
This is due to the way that the weight is distributed, and is certainly worthy of consideration when deciding which sort of touring set-up to go for.
The downside to this, is that as there are one or more extra wheels on the trailer, the chances of punctures increase, spare tubes specific to the trailer may need to be carried, and there are extra hubs to keep in mind.
Thankfully, broken spokes are a real rarity on quality bicycles trailers such as a Bob Yak Trailer, so spare spokes normally don't need to be taken for them.
Bike Touring with Trailer
Another good thing about using a bicycle trailer over panniers, is that the entire “train” is more aerodynamic than when using panniers.
I haven't got any figures to hand, but I'm sure that in web-world there is a detailed study into this! Being more aerodynamic should in theory mean that less calories are needed per average day.
My experience of touring with a Bob trailer, is that this gain is offset by the overall set-up being heavier. Towing a trailer up steep hills also feels like dragging an anchor behind the bike, but maybe that is all in the mind!
Bicycle Touring with a trailer
Perhaps the main plus on the side of using a trailer, is that it enables you to carry more stuff when needed.
Examples of this are if you need to cross a desert region, and have to carry more days food and water than normal. This becomes a real balancing act to get it right on the bike when using panniers, but with a trailer, it is simply a case of piling it on and strapping it.
I have to say, that it certainly made my crossing of the Salt Pans of Bolivia a lot easier, and I was even carrying a spare wheel at the same time!
Dave's Verdict On Touring Panniers and Bicycle Trailers On A Bike Tour
Having used both, I can honestly say that I would never go back to using bicycle trailers for touring again!
I found the whole set-up inconvenient from day one, when I had to pack it up to fly it out to Alaska, through to the last day, when it acted as an anchor as I pushed my bike through a mud bog.
Using the trailer always made everything seem heavier and slower, and on a number of occasions at junctions, motorists came close to hitting me when they pulled out after I cycled by, not expecting the trailer to be there.
Certainly on my next bicycle tour, I will be using solely panniers, and I am looking forwards to feeling unrestricted, which is something I never did when using the trailer.
Do yourself a favour – Learn from my mistakes, and use bicycle panniers rather than a trailer on your next bicycle tour!
Cycle Touring Trailer FAQ
Here are some commonly asked questions about choosing and using a bike touring trailer:
Which bike trailer is best?
The Bob Yak bicycle touring trailer is often considered to be the highest quality trailer for bike touring. Many cheaper trailers are based on this design.
Can you put a bike trailer on a road bike?
You can use a bike trailer with a road bike and in many situations this is a much better idea that trying to attach a bike racks and panniers to a road bike.
Which weighs more, panniers or a bicycle touring trailer?
The combined weight of the trailer and luggage bag weighs more than the combined weight of bike racks and panniers.
Related Bicycle Touring Articles
- Bicycle Touring Gear List for a One Week Cycle Tour
- Bicycle Touring Panniers
- Electronic Gear To Take On A Bicycle Tour: Cameras, GPS, and Gadgets
- Best Saddles For Touring: Most Comfortable Bike Seats For Cycling
- Best Powerbank for Bike Touring – Anker Powercore 26800
– Dave Briggs
Dave has cycled around much of the world on different bicycle tours using both panniers and cycle trailers. In addition to this guide about cycling with a trailer compared to panniers, he's written many other guides to bike touring.
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