This guide to 100 most famous landmarks in Europe will inspire your next vacation. From Big Ben to the Eiffel Tower, find out which iconic landmarks you need to see.
Iconic European Landmarks
Europe is home to some of the most iconic landmarks in the world. From ancient ruins to towering cathedrals, these landmarks attract tourists from all over the globe.
With so many famous landmarks, buildings and monuments, it can be hard to decide which ones to visit on your next European vacation.
To help you narrow down your options, we’ve compiled a list of 100 of the most famous European landmarks you have to see for yourself.
1. The Colosseum – Italy
The Colosseum is a Roman amphitheater located in the city of Rome, Italy. It was built in the 1st century AD and is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering.
The Colosseum is most famous for its gladiator fights, which were held in the arena until the 5th century AD. Today, the Colosseum is one of Rome's most popular tourist attractions, receiving millions of visitors each year.
2. The Eiffel Tower – France
The Eiffel Tower is a wrought iron lattice tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France. It was built by Gustave Eiffel and his team of engineers and was completed in 1889.
The Eiffel Tower is named after its designer and is the most-visited paid monument in the world, with over 7 million visitors annually.
3. Big Ben – England
Big Ben is the nickname for the Great Bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London, England. The official name of the bell is the Great Clock of Westminster.
The clock tower was completed in 1859 and is one of London's most iconic landmarks. The Great Bell weighs 13.5 tons and is the largest bell in the United Kingdom.
4. Leaning Tower of Pisa – Italy
People love to take a photo that shows them pretending to hold up the Leaning Tower of Pisa – one of the most famous landmarks in Europe!
The tower is actually the bell tower of the cathedral located in the Italian city of Pisa. It began to lean during construction due to the soft ground on which it was built.
It has been slowly tilting for centuries, but it is still standing today. The Leaning Tower of Pisa is undergoing a long-term restoration project.
5. La Sagrada Familia – Spain
La Sagrada Familia is a large Catholic church located in the city of Barcelona, Spain. It was designed by Catalan architect Antoni Gaudi and is one of his most famous works.
Construction of the cathedral began in 1882 and is still ongoing. It is not expected to be completed until 2026 (but don't hold your breath!).
Despite this, it is one of the major tourist attractions you must see when visiting Barcelona!
6. Arc de Triomphe – France
One of the most impressive landmarks in Paris is the Arc de Triomphe, a monumental arch located in the center of the Place Charles de Gaulle.
The arch was built to honor those who fought for France during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. It is the largest triumphal arch in the world and stands at an impressive 50 meters tall.
7. Brandenburg Gate – Germany
The Brandenburg Gate is an 18th-century neoclassical monument located in Berlin, Germany. It was once part of the city's fortifications but is now one of its most recognizable landmarks.
The Brandenburg Gate is decorated with classical style sculptures and is topped with a Quadriga, a chariot drawn by four horses. It is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Berlin.
8. The Acropolis (and Parthenon)- Greece
The Acropolis (along with its famous buildings such as the Parthenon), is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and one of the most recognizable landmarks in the world. Its rich history spans thousands of years, and today it is a popular tourist attraction.
The Acropolis is located in the historic heart of Athens in Greece, and is a must-see if you are visiting the city. Find out more here: Fun facts about the Acropolis.
9. Palace of Westminster – England
The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom – the House of Commons and the House of Lords. It is located on the banks of the River Thames in London, England.
The Palace of Westminster is one of London's most iconic landmarks and is often referred to as the “heart of British politics”. Visitors can take a tour of the Palace or watch debates and proceedings from the public galleries.
10. The Louvre Museum – France
The Louvre in Paris serves two purposes. Not only does it house a wonderful collection of art, but it is also one of the most recognizable landmarks in the world.
The museum is located in the Louvre Palace, a former royal palace. It is the largest art museum in the world and receives over 10 million visitors annually.
Some of the most famous paintings in the world can be found at The Louvre, including the Mona Lisa and the Venus de Milo (found on the Greek island of Milos).
11. Stonehenge – England
This famous monument is shrouded in mystery. Who made it and why? No one knows for sure.
Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument located in Wiltshire, England. It consists of a ring of standing stones, each weighing around 25 tons.
The stones are arranged in a circular shape with a diameter of 30 meters. Stonehenge is one of the most famous landmarks in the world and is a popular tourist attraction.
12. The Alhambra – Spain
The Alhambra is a palace and fortress complex located in Granada, Spain. It was originally built as a small fort in 889 AD but was later expanded into a magnificent palace during the reign of the Nasrid dynasty (1238-1492).
The Alhambra is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of Spain's most popular tourist attractions. Visitors can explore the palaces, gardens, and fortifications of this magnificent complex.
13. Buckingham Palace – England
Buckingham Palace in central London has been the official residence of the Royal Family since 1837.
The palace is a popular tourist attraction and visitors can tour the State Rooms, which are open to the public during the summer months.
Buckingham Palace is also the site of the changing of the guard, a ceremonial event that takes place daily.
14. The Sistine Chapel – Vatican City
One of the most visited landmarks in Europe is the Sistine Chapel. It is located in Vatican City, the smallest country in the world.
The Sistine Chapel is famous for its Renaissance art, particularly the ceiling painted by Michelangelo. The chapel is also used for papal conclaves, during which new popes are elected.
15. The Trevi Fountain – Italy
Another incredible European landmark that you can find in Rome is the Trevi Fountain. It is one of the largest and most beautiful fountains in the world.
The fountain was designed by Nicola Salvi and completed in 1762. It stands 26 meters high and 49 meters wide. Visitors to Rome often throw coins into the fountain, making a wish as they do so.
16. Notre Dame – France
On the 15 April 2019, the world was shocked when a fire broke out at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris. The 850-year-old Gothic building is one of France's most iconic landmarks and is visited by millions of tourists each year.
Notre Dame is currently undergoing restoration work and is expected to reopen to the public in 2024.
17. Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore – Italy
The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, popularly known as the Duomo, is a cathedral in Florence, Italy. It is the largest church in Florence and one of the largest in Europe. The Duomo was designed by Arnolfo di Cambio and built between 1296 and 1436.
The cathedral is famous for its iconic red-and-white striped marble facade and its enormous dome, which is the largest brick dome in the world.
18. The Pantheon – Italy
The ancient city of Rome is home to many famous landmarks, one of which is the Pantheon. It is a former Roman temple that was built in 125 AD and later converted into a church.
The Pantheon is one of the best-preserved ancient buildings in Rome and features a massive granite portico and an iconic concrete dome. It is currently used as a church and a tomb for Italian royalty.
19. Pompeii – Italy
One of the more unique areas you can visit in Italy is Pompeii. It is an ancient city that was destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.
Hundreds of years after the city was covered in ash, it was rediscovered and excavation work began. Today, visitors can tour the ruins of Pompeii and see the preserved remains of this ancient city.
Pompeii is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most popular tourist destinations in Italy. Visitors can explore the ruins of the city and see firsthand the damage caused by the volcanic eruption.
20. Delphi – Greece
This fantastic UNESCO World Heritage Site (one of 18 in Greece) was thought by the ancient Greeks to be the center of the world.
Delphi was the site of the Temple of Apollo, where the famous Oracle of Delphi resided. The ruins of the temple and other buildings can still be seen today.
The site also offers stunning views of the valley below. Find out more here: Delphi in Greece
21. Le Centre de Pompidou – France
Le Centre Pompidou, also known as the Pompidou Center, is a large complex in Paris that houses the Musée National d'Art Moderne. The museum is one of the largest and most important museums of modern art in the world.
The Pompidou Center was designed by architects Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers. It is famous for its unique architecture, which features exposed pipes and ductwork.
22. Saint Mark’s Basilica – Italy
Saint Mark's Basilica is a large and ornate cathedral in Venice, Italy. It is the most famous church in Venice and one of the best-known landmarks in Italy.
The basilica was originally built in the 11th century but has been rebuilt several times over the centuries. It is known for its Gothic architecture and for its gold mosaics.
23. Cinque Terre – Italy
Cinque Terre is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is made up of five villages located in the Italian Riviera. The villages are known for their picturesque waterfronts, colorful houses, and rugged cliffs.
The area is a popular tourist destination and attracts visitors from all over the world.
24. Place de La Concorde – France
The Place de la Concorde is a large public square in Paris, France. It is the largest square in the city and one of the most famous squares in the world.
The square was built in the 18th century and is home to several important landmarks, including the Luxor Obelisk and the Tuileries Gardens.
The Place de la Concorde is also the site of the infamous guillotine, which was used during the French Revolution.
25. Casa Batlló – Spain
This magnificent building is considered one of the most significant artistic accomplishments by Antoni Gaudí.
Casa Batlló is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most popular tourist attractions in Barcelona, Spain. The building was designed by Antoni Gaudí and built between 1904 and 1906.
The façade of the building is decorated with colorful mosaics and stunning architecture. Visitors can tour the interior of the building and learn about the history of this incredible landmark.
26. The Amalfi Coast – Italy
When it comes to awe inspiring natural landmarks, the Amalfi Coast is one of the best. This coastline, located in southern Italy, is known for its dramatic cliffs, turquoise waters, and picturesque villages.
The Amalfi Coast is a popular tourist destination and attracts visitors from all over the world. There are several towns located along the coast, each with its own unique charm.
27. Palazzo Ducale (the Doge’s Palace) – Italy
The Palazzo Ducale, or Doge's Palace, is a large palace located in Venice, Italy. It was the residence of the Doge of Venice, the supreme ruler of the Republic of Venice.
The palace is now a museum and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Venice. Visitors can tour the lavish interiors of the palace and learn about the history of the Republic of Venice.
28. Sacré-Cœur Basilica – France
The Sacré-Cœur Basilica is an imposing church located on top of Montmartre Hill in Paris, France. The church is an impressive landmark and is known for its beautiful architecture, and was built in the late 19th century in the Romano-Byzantine style.
Today, the church is open to the public and visitors can tour the interior or enjoy the stunning views of Paris from the steps of the basilica.
29. Tower Bridge – England
This well known structure in London was built in the late 19th century and is one of the most recognizable landmarks in England. Tower Bridge spans the River Thames and consists of two towers connected by a bridge.
Visitors can tour the bridge and enjoy the stunning views of London from the top. There is also a glass floor panel which provides a unique view of the river below.
30. Catedral de Sevilla – Spain
The Catedral de Sevilla is the largest cathedral in Spain and the third largest cathedral in the world. It was built in the 15th century and is one of the most significant examples of Gothic architecture.
The interior of the cathedral is lavishly decorated with intricate details. Visitors can also climb to the top of the bell tower for panoramic views of the city.
31. St Paul’s Cathedral – London
Undoubtedly one of the most famous landmarks in Europe , St Paul's Cathedral is an iconic London building.
There are several reasons why St Paul's Cathedral is so special. Firstly, it is the largest cathedral in London and one of the largest in Europe.
It is also one of the most iconic buildings in London and is a popular tourist attraction. The cathedral was built in the 17th century and is famous for its impressive architecture and stunning interior.
32. Arena di Verona – Italy
The Arena di Verona is an ancient Roman amphitheater located in the city of Verona, Italy. This amphitheater was built in the 1st century AD and is now a popular tourist attraction.
The Arena di Verona is well known for its beautiful architecture and stunning acoustics. The amphitheater hosts a variety of events throughout the year, including operas, concerts, and plays.
33. Pitti Palace – Italy
The Pitti Palace is a large palace located in Florence, Italy. It was originally built in the 15th century as a residence for the wealthy Pitti family.
The palace is now a museum and is home to a vast collection of art and artifacts. The palace is open to the public and visitors can explore the many galleries and rooms.
34. The Palace of Versailles – France
This famous landmark is located in the town of Versailles, France. The Palace of Versailles was built in the 17th century and was the residence of the Kings of France.
The palace is now a museum and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in France. Visitors can tour the lavish interiors of the palace and learn about the history of the French monarchy.
35. Blenheim Palace – England
The Palace of Blenheim is a large palace located in Woodstock, England. It was originally built in the 18th century as a residence for the Duke of Marlborough.
Its baroque style architecture and vast grounds make it one of the most impressive palaces in Europe. The palace is open to the public and visitors can explore the many rooms and galleries.
36. Tower of London – England
This is certainly one of the most famous buildings in Europe! The history of the Tower of London is long and complex.
The tower was originally built in the 11th century as a royal residence. However, it has also been used as a prison, a place of execution, and a zoo! Today, the Tower of London is one of the most popular tourist attractions in England.
According to legend, the ravens are there to protect the Crown Jewels from being stolen. If the ravens ever leave the Tower of London, it is said that bad things will happen to the kings and queens of England.
37. Château de Chenonceau – France
The Château de Chenonceau is a beautiful castle located in the Loire Valley, France. The castle was built in the 16th century and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the region.
Visitors can also explore the many rooms and galleries inside the castle. The castle is known for its picturesque setting and beautiful gardens.
38. Mt Etna – Italy
Mt Etna is an active volcano located on the island of Sicily, Italy, and is the tallest active volcano in Europe. It has erupted several times in recent years – perhaps you need to see it while you can!
39. 30 St Mary Axe or The Gherkin – England
Architectural styles are not just limited to the classics – there are some impressive modern buildings too! One of the most iconic modern buildings in Europe is 30 St Mary Axe, or The Gherkin as it is commonly known.
The building is located in London, England, and was completed in 2003. It is 180 meters tall and has 40 floors. The Gherkin is a popular tourist attraction and is well known for its unique shape.
40. Mont Saint-Michel – France
Mont Saint-Michel is a small island located off the coast of Normandy, France. The island is home to a medieval abbey which was built in the 8th century.
The island is only accessible during low tide and visitors have to walk across the sands to reach it.
41. Windsor Castle – England
The spectacular architecture and sheer size of Windsor Castle make it one of the most impressive castles in Europe.
The castle is located in Berkshire, England and was originally built in the 11th century. It is the largest inhabited castle in the world and has been the home of the British royal family for centuries.
Today, Windsor Castle is a popular tourist attraction and visitors can explore the castle grounds, the state apartments, and the royal chapel.
42. White Cliffs of Dover – England
If you've ever sailed from France to England, then you will have seen the White Cliffs of Dover.
The cliffs are located on the coast of England and are are made of chalk and are up to 100 meters high in some places. When it comes to natural landmarks, few are as instantly recognizable as the White Cliffs of Dover.
43. Monasteries of Meteora – Greece
The Meteora region is perhaps the most popular tourist attraction in central Greece. The region is home to a number of monasteries which are perched atop high sandstone pillars. The natural landscape if simply amazing!
The monasteries were built in the 14th century and are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Visitors can explore the monasteries and enjoy the stunning views of the surrounding landscape.
While you can visit Meteora on a day trip from Athens, I'd suggest spending a night or two in the area to fully explore and appreciate it.
44. Royal Alcázar of Seville – Spain
The Royal Alcázar of Seville is a royal palace located in the Andalusian city of Seville, Spain. The palace was originally built as a Moorish fort in the 9th century but has been remodeled and expanded over the centuries.
It is now one of the most popular tourist attractions in Spain. Visitors can explore the beautiful gardens, the grandiose state rooms, and the stunning architecture of the palace.
45. British Museum – England
The British Museum is one of the largest museums in the world and is located in London, England.
The museum was founded in 1753 and houses a vast collection of artifacts from all over the world. The most famous exhibits include the Rosetta Stone, the Parthenon Marbles, and the Egyptian mummies.
Some displays, such as the Parthenon marbles, are subject to heated debates regarding the national heritage of countries, and who should actually own what. Personally, I think the Parthenon friezes would be better off on display in the Acropolis Museum in Athens!
46. The London Eye – England
The London Eye is a giant ferris wheel located on the banks of the River Thames in London, England. The wheel was built in 2000 and is 135 meters tall.
It has 32 capsules which each hold up to 25 people. A ride on the London Eye lasts for around 30 minutes and offers stunning views of the city of London.
47. The Republic of San Marino – Italy
San Marino is a tiny republic located in northeastern Italy. It is the oldest republic in the world and has been sovereign since 301 AD.
The Republic of San Marino covers just 61 square kilometers and has a population of around 33,000 people. Despite its small size, San Marino is a popular tourist destination and visitors can explore the capital city of San Marino, visit the three fortresses which sit atop Mt. Titano, and enjoy the stunning views of the surrounding countryside.
48. Mont Blanc – France/Italy
Mont Blanc is the highest mountain in the Alps and is located on the border between France and Italy. The mountain is 4,808 meters tall and is a popular destination for climbers and hikers.
Those who are not keen on physical activity can take a cable car to the top of Mont Blanc. From the summit, visitors can enjoy stunning views of the surrounding mountains.
49. Westminster Abbey – England
Westminster Abbey is a large, Anglican church in London, England. The church is the traditional place of coronation and burial for English monarchs. It is also the home of the British monarch's coronation ceremony and the traditional site of the state opening of parliament.
50. Viaduc de Garabit – France
The Viaduc de Garabit is a railway viaduct located in southern France. The viaduct was built in 1883 and spans the valley of the River Garabit.
At 165 meters tall, it is one of the tallest railway viaducts in the world. The viaduct is now a popular tourist attraction and visitors can take a train ride across it to enjoy the stunning views.
51. Alcázar de Toledo – Spain
The Alcázar of Toledo is a fortress located in the Spanish city of Toledo. The fortress was originally built by the moors in the 8th century but has been expanded and remodeled over the centuries.
It is now one of the most popular tourist attractions in Toledo. Visitors can explore the imposing fortifications, the beautiful gardens, and the stunning views from the top of the fortress.
52. York Minster – England
York Minster is a large cathedral located in the city of York, England. The cathedral was founded in 627 AD and is the second largest church in England.
The most famous feature of York Minster is the large stained glass windows which date from the 14th century. The cathedral also has a tower which is over 200 feet tall and offers stunning views of the city of York.
53. Palace of the Popes – France
The Palace of the Popes is a large palace located in the city of Avignon, France. The palace was built in the 14th century and was the home of the popes during the Avignon Papacy.
The Palace of the Popes is popular with tourists. It is a beautiful palace and offers stunning views of the city of Avignon.
54. Nelson’s Column – England
Nelson's Column is a monument located in Trafalgar Square in London, England. The column was built in 1843 to commemorate Admiral Horatio Nelson.
Nelson was a British naval officer who fought in several wars, most notably the Napoleonic Wars. He was killed at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805 and his body was buried St. Pauls Cathedral.
55. Winchester Cathedral – England
The Winchester Cathedral is a large cathedral located in the city of Winchester, England. The cathedral was founded in 1079 AD and is the longest-running cathedral in England.
The most famous feature of Winchester Cathedral is the large stained glass windows which date from the 12th century. The cathedral also has a tower which is over 160 feet tall.
56. Picadilly Circus – England
Piccadilly Circus is a public square located in the West End of London, England. The square is home to several iconic landmarks, including the London Pavilion and the Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain.
The square is also a popular place that visitors include on a London sightseeing itinerary, where they can enjoy the many shops, restaurants, and attractions that it has to offer.
57. Cathedral Santiago de Compostela – Spain
The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is a large cathedral located in the city of Santiago de Compostela, Spain. The cathedral was built in the 9th century and is the burial place of Saint James the Greater.
The cathedral is a popular pilgrimage destination for Christians and is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
58. Chateau de Chambord – France
The Chateau de Chambord is a large castle located in the Loire Valley of France. The castle was built in the 16th century and is one of the most famous castles in France. It is a large castle with beautiful architecture and stunning views.
59. Hadrian’s Wall – England
When Ancient Rome wanted to mark and protect their empire's northern boundary, they built Hadrian’s Wall. The Emperor Hadrian had the wall constructed in 122 AD.
The wall was built to protect the Roman Empire from the barbarian tribes that lived in present-day Scotland. The wall is over 73 miles long and parts of it are still impressive to this day.
60. Carcassone Castle – France
The Carcassone Castle is a famous castle located in the city of Carcassonne, France. The castle was built in the 12th century and is a popular tourist attraction.
61. Abbey of Fontenay – France
The Abbey of Fontenay is a large monastery located in the town of Fontenay-aux-Roses, France. The Abbey was founded in 1119 AD and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
62. Omaha Beach – France
During World War II , Omaha Beach was one of the five beaches that Allied forces invaded on D-Day. The beach is located in Normandy, France.
The beach is visited by relatives of those that fought there, as well as tourists that are interested in the history of World War II.
63. Strasbourg Cathedral – France
You can find the Strasbourg Cathedral in the city of Strasbourg, France. This cathedral is unique because it has a mixture of Romanesque and Gothic architecture.
The Strasbourg Cathedral was built in the 11th century and is one of the most beautiful cathedrals in Europe.
64. Spanish Steps – Italy
Despite the name, the Spanish Steps were not built by the Spanish. The steps are located in Rome, Italy and were built in the 18th century by French diplomat Étienne de Montfaucon.
Why are the Spanish Steps called the Spanish Steps? The Spanish Embassy was located nearby and the steps became known as the Spanish Steps because of this.
65. Epidaurus Theatre – Greece
The acoustics of the ancient Epidaurus Theatre in the Peloponnese region of Greece really have to be heard to be believed! You can literally hear the sound of a pin dropping from the top row of seats.
The theatre was built in the 4th century BC and is still used for performances today. Find out more here: Epidaurus Day Trip
66. The Great Mosque of Cordoba – Spain
The Great Mosque of Cordoba is a mosque located in the city of Cordoba, Spain. The mosque was built in the 8th century and is a popular attraction for people visiting this wonderful area of Spain.
The Great Mosque of Cordoba is considered to be one of the most beautiful mosques in the world.
67. Dom Luis Bridge – Portugal
The Dom Luis Bridge is a bridge located in the city of Porto, Portugal. The bridge was built in the 19th century and spans the Douro River.
The Dom Luis Bridge is a beautiful bridge with stunning architecture, and a must see on a sightseeing itinerary of Porto.
68. Berlin TV Tower – Germany
The iconic Berlin TV Tower is located in the city of Berlin, Germany. The tower was built in the 1960s and is the most visible landmark in the city.
Originally, the Berlin TV Tower was built as a propaganda tool for the Communist government of East Germany. Today, however, it is a popular place to visit, and is now home to Berlin's highest bar!
69. Piazza San Marco (St Mark’s Square) – Italy
Back in Italy, we have Piazza San Marco, or St Mark’s Square. This is one of the most famous squares in Venice, and is unsurprisingly located right next to St Mark’s Basilica.
The Piazza San Marco has been the centre of Venetian life for centuries, and is still a popular place to visit today.
70. Pena National Palace – Portugal
Located in Sintra, this colourful palace is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Portugal. The Pena National Palace was built in the 19th century on the site of a ruined monastery.
The Pena National Palace is an example of Romantic architecture, and is a must-see if you are visiting Sintra.
71. Reichstag – Germany
The Reichstag is an historic building located in Berlin, Germany. The Reichstag was the meeting place of the German parliament until 1933, when it was destroyed by fire.
After the reunification of Germany, the Reichstag was renovated and is now once again the meeting place of the German parliament.
72. The Angel of the North – England
This monumental contemporary sculpture is located in Gateshead, England. The Angel of the North was built in 1998 and stands 20 metres tall.
The sculpture has become an icon of the North East of England, and represents the industrial heritage of the area.
73. Las Rambla – Spain
Anyone spending time in the city of Barcelona will no doubt find themselves spending some time walking down Las Ramblas. This tree-lined pedestrian street is a wonderful place to explore, and is home to many street performers.
Las Ramblas is also home to the famous La Boqueria food market, where you can find all kinds of delicious food!
74. The Shard – England
Housing offices, hotel rooms, and restaurants, The Shard is the tallest building in Western Europe, at 309 metres tall. The Shard is located in London, England, and was completed in 2012.
If you want to experience stunning views of London, then a visit to The Shard is a must!
75. Jeronimos Monastery – Lisbon, Portugal
The Jeronimos Monastery is a beautiful monastery located in the city of Lisbon, Portugal. The monastery was built in the 16th century and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Lisbon.
The Jeronimos Monastery is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and is definitely worth a visit if you are in Lisbon.
76. St Peter’s Basilica – Italy
Located in the Vatican City, St Peter’s Basilica is one of the largest churches in the world. The basilica was built in the 16th century, and is home to many famous works of art.
77. Rialto Bridge – Italy
The Rialto Bridge is a bridge located over the Grand Canal in Venice, Italy. It was built in the 16th century, and is one of only four bridges spanning the Grand Canal.
The Rialto Bridge is a popular place to visit, and is a great spot to get views of the Grand Canal. The canals themselves of course are also an important attractions of Venice!
78. Battersea Power Station – England
Why is a power station included on this list of landmarks in Europe? Well, the Battersea Power Station is a decommissioned power station located in London, England.
The Battersea Power Station was built in the 1930s, and was once one of the largest power stations in Europe. The power station has been decommissioned, but plans are in place to redevelop it into a mixed-use development, which will include office space, residential units, and retail space.
79. Guggenheim Bilbao – Spain
The Guggenheim Museum is a modern art museum located in Bilbao, Spain. The museum was built in the late 20th century, and is one of the most iconic buildings in Bilbao.
The Guggenheim Museum is home to a collection of modern and contemporary art, and is definitely worth a visit if you are in Bilbao.
80. Caerphilly Castle – Wales, UK
If you love medieval castles, then you will love Caerphilly Castle. This castle is located in Caerphilly, Wales, and was built in the 13th century.
Caerphilly Castle is one of the largest castles in Britain.
81. Edinburgh Castle – Scotland
Still keeping to the theme of castles, we next have Edinburgh Castle. This castle is located in Edinburgh, Scotland, and dominates the city.
Edinburgh Castle was built in the 12th century, and has a long and fascinating history. The castle is now one of the most popular tourist attractions in Scotland.
82. Plaza Mayor – Spain
The Plaza Mayor is a large public square located in Madrid, Spain, and was built in the 17th century. It is a beautiful example of Spanish architecture.
The Plaza Mayor is surrounded by many restaurants and cafes, making it a great place to relax and people watch.
83. Wembley Stadium – England
Sports fans will love Wembley Stadium, which is located in London, England. Wembley Stadium is the largest stadium in the United Kingdom, and is the home of the England national football team.
If you are lucky enough to attend a match at Wembley Stadium, you will definitely have an unforgettable experience.
84. Cliffs of Moher – Ireland
This natural wonder is located on the west coast of Ireland. The Cliffs of Moher are over 700 feet high, and offer stunning views of the Atlantic Ocean. It feels like you are at the edge of the world!
85. The O2 – England
The O2 is a large entertainment complex located in London, England. It was originally built as the Millennium Dome, and was opened to the public in 2000.
The O2 is home to many restaurants, bars, shops, and live music venues.
86. Giant’s Causeway – Ireland
The Giant’s Causeway is a natural wonder located in Northern Ireland. It was formed when a volcanic eruption caused hexagonal columns of basalt to be created.
The legend and myth behind the Giant’s Causeway is almost as interesting as the sight itself. According to legend, the Giant’s Causeway was built by a giant named Finn McCool.
The legend goes that Finn McCool was challenged to a fight by another giant from Scotland. In order to avoid the fight, Finn McCool built the Giant’s Causeway so that he could escape across the sea to Scotland.
87. One Canada Square – England
One Canada Square is a skyscraper located in London, England. The building is 50 stories tall, and was completed in 1991. One Canada Square is the second tallest building in the United Kingdom and a key feature of the London skyline.
88. Blarney Stone – Ireland
The historic Blarney Stone is located in Blarney Castle, Ireland. The stone is said to have magical powers, and many people travel to kiss the stone each year.
The Legend of the Blarney Stone goes that an old woman gave the stone to a king in exchange for his soul. The king was so taken with the stone that he decided to keep it, and the stone has been associated with Ireland ever since.
89. The Royal Palace – Sweden
The Royal Palace is located in Stockholm, Sweden. The palace was built in the 18th century, and is the official residence of the Swedish royal family.
The Royal Palace is open to the public, and you can even take a tour of some of the lavish royal apartments.
90. Walls of Dubrovnik – Croatia
The Walls of Dubrovnik are located in the city of Dubrovnik, Croatia. They were built in the 14th century, and are over 6 feet thick in some places.
The Walls of Dubrovnik are a great example of medieval architecture, and offer stunning views of the city. Fun fact – some of Game of Thrones was filmed on the walls!
91. Ring of Kerry – Ireland
The Ring of Kerry is a popular tourist route located in southwest Ireland. The route takes you through some of the most beautiful scenery in the country, including mountains, valleys, and coastline.
There are many different ways to experience the Ring of Kerry, including by car, bus, bike, or even on foot.
92. Titanic Museum and Quarter – Ireland
The Titanic Museum and Quarter is located in Belfast, Northern Ireland. The museum opened in 2012, and is built on the site of the former Harland & Wolff shipyard.
The Titanic Museum and Quarter tells the story of the ill-fated Titanic, and also houses a range of interactive exhibits.
93. Corinth Canal – Greece
The Corinth Canal is a man-made canal located in Greece. The canal was built in the 19th century, and is used to connect the Aegean Sea with the Ionian Sea.
The Corinth Canal is 6.4 miles long, and is worth stopping by for a photo if you are traveling from Athens to the Peloponnese.
94. Bordeaux Cathedral – France
Bordeaux is more than just the home of good wine! The Bordeaux Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in Bordeaux, France. The cathedral was built in the 12th century, and is a beautiful example of Romanesque architecture.
95. La Rochelle Harbour – France
La Rochelle is a beautiful harbour town located in western France. The town is best known for its well-preserved medieval architecture, and for its three historic towers.
The La Rochelle Harbour is a great place to relax, and you can even take a boat ride out to the nearby Île de Ré.
96. Cite du Vin, Bordeaux – France
The Cite du Vin is a museum dedicated to the history of wine, located in Bordeaux, France. The museum opened in 2016, and features exhibits on the production, culture, and trade of wine.
The Cite du Vin also has a vineyard on site, where you can learn about the wine-making process firsthand.
97. Milan Cathedral (Duomo di Milano) – Italy
Few buildings are as photogenic as the Milan Cathedral! The Duomo di Milano is a Gothic cathedral located in Milan, Italy. The cathedral was built in the 14th century, and took nearly 600 years to complete.
The Duomo di Milano is one of the largest churches in the world, and can accommodate up to 40,000 people.
98. Prague Castle – Czech Republic
Prague Castle is a castle complex located in Prague, Czech Republic. The castle was founded in the 9th century, and has served as the seat of power for the Kings of Bohemia, the Holy Roman Emperors, and the Presidents of Czechoslovakia.
The Prague Castle complex is huge, and you can easily spend a whole day exploring all of the different buildings and gardens.
99. Berlin Wall – Germany
When East and West Germany were divided, the Berlin Wall was built to keep people from crossing from East to West. The wall was erected in 1961, and stood until 1989.
The Berlin Wall is now an iconic symbol of the Cold War, and you can see parts of it throughout the city.
100. Castle Neuschwanstein – Germany
Castle Neuschwanstein is a 19th-century castle located in Bavaria, Germany. The castle was commissioned by King Ludwig II of Bavaria and was designed by architect Eduard Riedel.
The castle is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Germany and is known for its ornate interiors and dramatic setting.
Europe Landmarks FAQ
Planning a trip to Europe and have questions about which famous monuments there are to visit? Perhaps you'll find the answers here:
What are 5 European landmarks?
Five outstanding Europe landmarks include the Acropolis, Buckingham Palace, Hungarian Parliament building, Vatican museums, and the Arc de Triomphe.
What is the famous landmark in Europe?
Perhaps one of the London landmarks like Big Ben is the most famous landmark to be found in Europe.
How many famous landmarks are there in Europe?
There are literally thousands of incredible landmarks and monuments in Europe!
What is the most important Unesco World Heritage Site in Europe?
The most important Unesco World Heritage Site in Europe is the Acropolis in Athens, Greece.